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dc.contributor.author Talapkerova, Lola
dc.date.accessioned 2023-06-02T10:26:31Z
dc.date.available 2023-06-02T10:26:31Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.citation Talapkerova, L. (2023). Religious beliefs, employment choices and gender norms. School of Sciences and Humanities en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nur.nu.edu.kz/handle/123456789/7176
dc.description.abstract Religious values do not disappear in modern society: they adapt and continue to shape the consciousness of people worldwide. This paper studies how religious beliefs influence people’s economic decisions and their gender attitudes in a religiously diverse South Korean society. A literature review on the subject suggests that, in theory, Buddhism should display a less ”worldly” orientation and ambiguous gender roles. At the same time, Christianity is associated with higher materialism and a more strict gender division of labor. However, the historical context reveals that Confucian patriarchal values heavily influenced both Catholicism and Buddhism in South Korea, while Protestantism reflects a more materialistic and less gender-discriminating worldview. We work with the data from the Korean General Social Survey from 2003 up to 2021. Multinomial probabilistic model and instrumental variable approach were used to examine the correlation between Korea’s three main religious denominations: Protestantism, Catholicism and Buddhism and people’s employment choices, income levels and gender division within families. Our findings align with the assumption that religious people tend to work less and share more strict gender norms. Both male and female practitioners are less likely to work full-time than atheists, and men are more likely to work part-time. Women of all religions have lower probabilities of earning higher than average income levels. Our results also reflect the Confucian influence on South Korean Buddhism and Catholicism, which resulted in a more traditional worldview: women in Buddhist and Catholic families are less likely to work than married Protestants and non-religious women. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher School of Sciences and Humanities en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/ *
dc.subject Type of access: Restricted en_US
dc.subject Religious beliefs en_US
dc.subject employment choices en_US
dc.subject gender norms en_US
dc.type Master's thesis en_US
workflow.import.source science

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