Theses and Dissertations
http://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/1011
Sat, 17 Apr 2021 23:02:40 GMT2021-04-17T23:02:40ZThe Effect of the Recent Anti-Tobacco Policies on Curbing Smoking in Kazakhstan
http://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/4894
The Effect of the Recent Anti-Tobacco Policies on Curbing Smoking in Kazakhstan
Bakbergenova, Meruyert
This paper analyzes the effects of recent tobacco control policies on smoking behavior in
Kazakhstan. Exploiting data on cigarette smoking from the Global Adults Tobacco Survey
(GATS) collected in 2014 and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) collected in 2011
and 2015, I examine the effectiveness of anti-tobacco policies using a two-part model. In
particular, I analyze smoking participation and intensity separately for men and women. Due
to differences in sample distributions across surveys, I implement Propensity Score Matching
(PSM) to balance the data. My findings suggest that the recent tobacco control policies indeed
reduced both smoking participation and intensity for men, but not for women.
Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/48942020-01-01T00:00:00ZPension reforms in Kazakhstan using an OLG model
http://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/4838
Pension reforms in Kazakhstan using an OLG model
Abdikarim, Uldana
The aim of this paper was to study the effects of recently introduced pension reform in Kazakhstan
on the welfare of the country. The effect of increase in mandatory retirement age for women from
58 to 63 was of primary interest of the paper. In order to achieve this goal, I proposed 4-period
OLG model with three main sectors of the economy and a fully-funded pension system.
Tue, 28 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/48382020-07-28T00:00:00ZBackward algorithm and abstract graphs in zero-sum games
http://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/4786
Backward algorithm and abstract graphs in zero-sum games
Iklassov, Zangir
With the beginning of the computer age, solving many problems in game theory has
become easier. However, there is a whole class of well-known problems such as chess,
checkers, go and so on, the methods of solving which use brute force technique to find
solutions of the game. This technique requires analysis of all states of the game and it has
the exponential complexity of running the algorithm due to which many games cannot
be solved on modern computers. Considered class of games include zero-sum games with
perfect information described in discrete space. For such problems, there is no smooth
solution that would allow solving problems without going through all the states of the
game. This work proposes a new algorithm for finding solutions to such problems. The
algorithm uses a new data structure, called abstract graphs and backwards analysis to
find solutions. The algorithm still has the exponential complexity of the analysis, however,
finding a solution does not require going through all the possible states of the game, which
reduces the complexity of analysis. For a clear example, the algorithm was used on a
tic-tac-toe game, for which brute force technique requires analysis of around 15k states,
while the Backwards algorithm analyzed just 5 states to find all existing solutions. In the
future, this study can be continued for a deeper study of the mathematical properties of
the algorithm and to use it on games such as chess and go.
Fri, 01 May 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/47862020-05-01T00:00:00ZIs Eurasian Customs Union Trade Creating? Gravity Model Analysis
http://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/4785
Is Eurasian Customs Union Trade Creating? Gravity Model Analysis
Smailova, Bayan
The paper presents a thorough analysis of the consequences of economic integration for
the countries of the Eurasian Customs Union. The main objective of the paper is to evaluate the
economic efficiency of the Union by measuring its trade creation and trade diversion effects. To
empirically estimate the effects of ECU the gravity model was applied to the data sample of 51
countries over the period of 2003-2018 years. The analysis of trade creation and trade diversion
effects of ECU as a whole showed that Union had been efficient in promoting internal trade and
increasing the net export of its members to non-union countries, which is certainly beneficial for
the economies of nations. Despite the presence of the import trade diversion, the scope of intrabloc trade creation effect is larger, so that the Union can be considered as a net trade creator.
Having examined the consequences of the membership in ECU for each country we can state that
while there are positive effects for some members, the advantages for Russia outweigh those for
other countries.
Fri, 01 May 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/47852020-05-01T00:00:00ZWater sharing in Fergana Valley
http://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/4748
Water sharing in Fergana Valley
Akhmedyarova, Akbobek
This paper proposes a Social planner, Nash-Bargaining and Market-based allocations of water between Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, as well as the strategic interaction
of those countries under serial monopoly setting. It is the first attempt to analyze
water allocation from the part of the Syr-Darya river that flows through Uzbekistan
to Tajikistan and back to Uzbekistan. Such geographical feature makes Uzbekistan
both downstream and upstream country in relation to Tajikistan, which is uncommon for upstream-downstream problems. This work describes the equilibrium water
consumption, prices, and transfers between two countries under Social planner and
two decentralised water division mechanisms. Comparing solutions from the decentralised approaches, we can see that both market-based and Nash-Bargaining mechanisms allocate water in a Pareto optimal way. But these desired allocations are achieved
through different magnitudes of transfers. Under the market solution, Uzbekistan receives the whole gain from the trade, while Tajikistan gains nothing. In contrast,
Nash-Bargaining solution splits benefit from trade according to the bargaining power.
Finally, water allocation is no longer Pareto efficient under serial monopoly setting: at
least one county would set the price above the socially optimal level
Tue, 19 May 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/47482020-05-19T00:00:00ZThe Impact of Remittances on Household Welfare: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
http://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/4729
The Impact of Remittances on Household Welfare: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
Turarova, Naziya
n this paper I study the impact of remittances on household welfare in Kyrgyzstan. I deploy
asset indices calculated using Principal Component Analysis and asset accumulation over four
years (2010-2013) to measure the average effect of remittances on household well-being. The
Propensity Score matching method is applied to address the self-selection to receive
remittances and the 2010 data on asset holdings is used to add the pre-treatment information on
assets. The study finds that remittances have a negative impact on consumer asset holdings and
the accumulation of productive assets over four year-period.
Keywords: remittances; Propensity Score Matching; Principal Component Analysis.
Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://nur.nu.edu.kz:80/handle/123456789/47292020-04-01T00:00:00Z